Most mini split air conditioning units are ductless and are suitable in homes that utilize radiant panels, space heaters and hydronic technology for heating. Because they are ductless, they are ideal for cooling small apartments, room additions and any other space where it is not possible to install ductwork.
A mini split unit features two main components, similar to the standard central air cooling system. The two parts are the air-handling unit, which is inside, and the compressor/condenser, which is installed outdoors. A conduit runs between the indoor and outdoor components. Housed inside the conduit are the condensate drain, suction tubing, refrigerant tube and power cord.
A mini split air cooler offers consumers a variety of benefits. The biggest advantages are the size and the flexibility they provide. These units are small. They can be useful for controlling the temperature in an individual room or in a specific zone of any large space. Most mini split systems consist of four units that handle air indoors and a single outdoor unit. The indoor units are capable of cooling or warming four rooms or four zones.
Consumers can choose the appropriate number of indoor units to heat or cool the building depending on its size. The building will stay comfortable with a suitable number of indoor units in place. Each individual zone can be controlled with a separate thermostat. You can turn the unit on only when someone is in the room. This is an effective way to save money on energy.
When compared to other air cooling systems, mini split units are simple for property owners to install. You will only have to cut a three-inch hole in the wall to connect the outdoor unit to the indoor unit with the conduit. Manufactures of these coolers provide a range of conduit lengths to suit any need.
Unlike a standard central air conditioner, these units do not use ducts so they save more energy. Units with ducts often use 30% more energy. There is significant energy loss when the ducts are installed in an attic or some other unconditioned area of the building.
The biggest disadvantage associated with a mini split cooler is the price. Consumers will have to pay anywhere between $1,500 and $2,000 per ton of cooling capability. When compared to a central system, it costs approximately 30% more than the average central system without ducts. Mini splits are comparable in cooling capacity to window units but they cost twice as much.
It will take some time to install a min split. You will have to take accurate measurements and choose the location for the unit wisely. Purchasing a unit that is too large for the space or placing it in the wrong location can cause the system to short cycle, which wastes energy and makes it difficult for the user to control humidity levels and temperature. It may be difficult to find a qualified installer who can handle a mini split system. Larger mini split air coolers are even more expensive to purchase and operate.