The ductless units may be an ideal option for small apartments and room additions, especially in instances when distribution duct work installation and extension are not feasible options. This Pioneer Ductless Mini Split Air Conditioner is one of the most popular multi-zone ductless air conditioner available today.
There are two major components to a split ac, just like with a heating system or central air. They are the indoor air handling unit and the outdoor compressor/condenser. There is a conduit that connects the indoor and outdoor components. This conduit contains the refrigerant tubing, power cable, condensate drain and suction tubing.
Ductless air conditioners provide several benefits to their owners. The main ones are the flexibility and size of the units. Since they are on the small side, they are quite flexible to allow you to zone off certain rooms or areas for heating or cooling.
There are numerous models of ductless or mini splits that consist of four indoor air handling units connected to one outdoor unit. These four units allow you to cool down and heat up four rooms or zones.
The amount of heating or cooling that a particular zone or building requires will determine how many indoor units are necessary. If you have an ideal number of indoor units, the building is going to be well insulated. There are different thermostats for each of the zones. This way, you have the ability to condition only the room or zone where someone is located. This will allow you to save money and energy.
Most of the time, mini split air conditioners are a bit easier to install compared to other types of air conditioning systems. One reason for this is that only a three inch hole in the wall is required in order to hook up indoor and outdoor units for the conduit. Also, there are different lengths of connecting conduits available.
Mini split air conditioners are of the ductless variety, they help to prevent energy losses that are associated with the duct work of such systems. At least 30 percent of energy consumption is attributed to energy losses through the ducts. This is especially the case when there are ducts in the attic or some other area that is not conditioned.
The one major drawback of having a mini split air conditioner is the price for it. It may cost anywhere from $1,500 to $2,000 per ton of cooling capacity. The cost can be up to 30 percent more than a central system without duct work. Even with a similar or the same capacity, mini splits can cost twice as much as a window air conditioner.